The Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) was originally developed by Harvard University (USA) to promote knowledge transfer between the needs of business management practice and academic research. The DBA basically corresponds to a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), but the focus is laid upon the application of theoretical knowledge in practice. The DBA is strongly anchored in the world of business and thus particularly suitable for people from practice. The U.S. Department of Education and the British Economic and Social Research Council recognized the DBA as "equivalent to PhD".
Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated to PhD, Ph.D. or D.Phil. in English-speaking countries and Dr. Phil. or similar in other countries, for the Latin philosophiae doctor, meaning "teacher in philosophy", is an advanced academic degree awarded by universities. In most English-speaking countries, the PhD is the highest degree one can earn. The PhD or equivalent has become a requirement for a career as a university professor or researcher in most fields. Study programs usually last at least three years and are research-oriented. The PhD therefore differentiates from so-called professional degrees like e.g. the Medical Doctor (MD), which is awarded after successful completion of medical studies, or the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA), which is awarded after doctoral studies similar to the PhD, being however more application-oriented.
The aim of the Bologna Process is that Europe should grow closer together in the field of higher education through the introduction of a two-cycle study system consisting of bachelor and master's degrees which provide qualifications which are comparable across Europe, the introduction and enhancement of quality assurance and an increase in mobility. This means that we can make better use of the knowledge potential available.
For more information regarding the Bologna Process, please refer to: http://www.bmbf.de/en/3336.php